In 72 BCE, the city was seized by the Roman general Marcus Lucullus but was soon restored to Thracian control.
The total precipitation is 540 mm (21.26 in) and is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.
The wettest months of the year are May and June, with an average precipitation of 66.2 mm (2.61 in), and the driest month is August, with an average precipitation of 31 mm (1.22 in).
The city is in the southern part of the Plain of Plovdiv, an alluvial plain that forms the western portion of the Upper Thracian Plain.
From there, the peaks of the Sredna Gora mountain range rise to the northwest, the Chirpan Heights to the east, and the Rhodope mountains to the south.
On September 5, 2014, Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture 2019.