Plovdiv is situated in a fertile region of south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River.
The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are 250 metres (820 feet) high.
Because of these hills, Plovdiv is often referred to in Bulgaria as "The City of the Seven Hills".
Plovdiv is host to a huge variety cultural events such as the International Fair Plovdiv, the international theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad", the TV festival "The golden chest," and many more novel festivals, such as Night/Plovdiv in September, Kapana Fest, and Opera Open.
In 72 BCE, the city was seized by the Roman general Marcus Lucullus but was soon restored to Thracian control.